At the time of Ad Reinhardts early death in 1967 he was best known for his seminal black paintings, which had become recognized as forerunners of new artistic developments of the moment, such as Minimalism and Conceptualism. It is only now that the many and varied aspects of his career and life are becoming the focus of intense scrutiny and debate.
Im not a theoretician and Im not a historian and Ive never spoken about someone who was dead before.
Postcards from Ad Reinhardt to Mark Rothko, 196556. Courtesy James E.B. Breslin Research Archive on Mark Rothko, 1940-93, Getty Research Institute, Research Library.
Ad Reinhardts tongue in cheek statement that he went beyond Mondrian is rarely taken at face value.
In a note to Betty Parsons, Reinhardt mused about his upcoming exhibition at Virginia Dwans Westwood gallery, his very first solo show in Los Angeles, while highlighting its seemingly apocalyptic timing.
Thomas Merton (1915 1968), Robert Lax (1915 2000) and Ad Reinhardt (1913 1967), who became lifelong friends, met in 1935 at Columbia University while working for the Jester, the schools humor magazine.
My title is a sentence Ad Reinhardt wrote toward the end of one of his writings called The Artist in Search of an Academy, Part Two: Who are the Artists? Its nine oclock on a Sunday.
The title caption is inscribed on the back of the painting in Reinhardt's own hand, "Abstract Painting Number 87."
Despite Reinhardts own celebrations of timelessness, critics recognized the importance of time to looking at his paintings. It takes time for the subtle differences of the black paintings in particular to emerge.
Heres a speech I made last week in a Michigan museum, last month in a Wisconsin art center, last spring in a California museum and last year in two places in New Jersey. You know anything about New Jersey?
If Ad Reinhardt had not made the black paintings would we be here today?
Ad Reinhardts series of black paintings far predate Kaufmans vertical hold (and its later Carrey incarnation) but fundamentally share in its desire for content to foil its mediation.
Ad Reinhardt was my personal gadfly, and he had much to goad, since I was an avid devotee of Abstract Expressionism and a member in good standing of the boys, Philip Pavias term for de Koonings coterie, condemned by Ad as impure.
Dont you find it odd that two very young women did the first serious writing about Reinhardt? My explanation is that he managed to be so far outside the accepted New York School macho man stereotype that he made no gender distinctions, just intellectual and moral distinctions, which is one reason I was drawn to his writing and personality.
Ad Reinhardts proposed leaflet for an art-strike in 1961 showcases the painters Rabelaisian affection for lists, as well as a vivid sample of the artists disaffection with the art world.
A typical Reinhardt-Hess office conversation, easygoing at first, would accelerate to a flurry of pronouncements, rebuttals, and arguments centering on one or another recent art event.
As early as 1963, Ad Reinhardt had been flagged as the intellectual pivot of the new art that did, in fact, follow.
An acknowledged pioneer in American abstract painting, in the mid-1940s Ad Reinhardt was also a journalist.
Ad Reinhardt would willingly agree: it is easier to talk about his paintings in negatives than in positives.
Reinhardts paintings do not stand apart from the history of art by the fact of their nihilations but only by the sheer quantity of those.
The convergence of the death of Arthur Danto, the invitation to write something for the Rail on the 100th anniversary of Ad Reinhardts birth, and the first anniversary of Superstorm Sandy has set me thinking about Ends.
In the last years of his life, Ad Reinhardt ceaselessly repainted the same painting, adopting the same structure and applying shades of the same color on the same surface.
The stunning extremism of Reinhardts late work signifies a radical attenuation of the pictorial and material means of post-Cubist abstraction.
In Chapter 42 of Moby Dick, Ishmael arrives by apprehensive steps at a disquieting thought: the whiteness of the whale makes tangible the deathly void that lurks beneath the worlds appearances.
As an historian of Chinese art, I find it hard to know just how to respond to Ad Reinhardts essays on the subject.
Artists on Ad
- Dan Flavin
- Thou Shall Not by Richard Serra
- Black Painting by Frank Stella
- Illuminations by Richard Tuttle
- Why I called a painting of mine Reinhardts Daughter by Marlene Dumas
- How to Look at Space by Ad Reinhardt
- Fear of Space by Julia Rommel
- Dark Walls by Robert Huot
- An Architect on Reinhardt by Annabelle Selldorf
- Ad Reinhardt: Charismatic Weirdo by Mathew Cerletty
- On Artistic Duty by Darren Bader
- James Turrell
- Next Flight To New York by Bernar Venet, translated from the French by Sandra Bieniek
- Reinhardt After May 68 by Olivier Mosset
- Carl Andre
- Ad Reinhardt: Gang Star Rapper by Jason Martin
- Quasi-Infinities and the Waning of Space by Robert Smithson
- A Museum of Language in the Vicinity of Art by Robert Smithson
- A Portend of the Artist as a Yhung Mandala by Ad Reinhardt
- Reinhardt as Magician by Tony Delap
- Dark Clothes by David Gordon
- Against the Proposition that Art is Art and Everything Else is Everything Else by Christopher French
- On Demand by Jacob Kassay
- Reinhardt in Storage by David Reed
- Remembering Ad Reinhardt by Robert Morris
- Drawing Lines by Michael Scott
- The Dehumanization of Art: Jose Ortega y Gasset and Ad Reinhardt by Peter Halley
- Ed Moses
- Running into Reinhardt by Mel Bochner
- A Few Notes on Art by John Crosby
- Byron Kim
- Ads Quest and a Flat Black Shining Moment by Charles Simonds
- Denegation by Scott Lyall
- Felix Gonzalez-Torres and Joseph Kosuth by Felix Gonzalez-Torres and Joseth Kosuth
- Reinhardt in Spain by José María Yturralde
- Reinhardt Melted the Ice by Don Kimes
- Philippe Decrauzat
- Reinhardt: A Metaphysical Interpretation by Marco Tirelli
- The Space In-Between by Dorothea Rockburne
Ad and Artists
- The Prize: An Exchange of Letters between Ajay and Reinhardt by Abe Ajay
- Mark Rothko
- Robert Motherwell
- Ad Reinhardt
- Bridget Riley / Ad Reinhardt
- Robert Smithson
- Donald Judd
- Joseph Kosuth
- How to Ride a Spiral by Bob Nickas
- How to Look at a Spiral
- Ad Reinhardt: My gadfly and my friend by Irving Sandler
- Ping/Pong: Lucy Lippard and Barbara Rose talk about Reinhardt
- Reinhardt and the Next Generation by Lynn Zelevansky
- Reinhardt Over and Over Again by Alistair Rider
- Ad Reinhardt, Sixties Painter by Matthew L. Levy
- Reflections on Mondrian/Reinhardt: Influence and Affinity by Bernice Rose
- Making Friends: Ad Reinhardt and Agnes Martin by Suzanne Hudson
- Good Painters by Christina Rosenberger
- Ad Reinhardt / Sol Lewitt by George Stolz
- Sol Lewitt
- Between Ideology and Poetry by Benjamin Buchloh
- Reinhardt and Artist Writers by Greg Lindquist
- Negating the Negation of Art: Pictorial Violation in the Late Work of Ad Reinhardt and Its Significance for Painting Today by Klaus Merkel
- How Modern is the Museum of Modern Art? by Ad Reinhardt
- Lee Krasner and Ad Reinhardt: Notes on a Friendship by Gail Levin, Ph.D.
Ad's Thoughts and Practices
- A Tribute to Ad Reinhardt
- Reinhardt, Mondrian, and Color by Margit Rowell
- Robert Snowden
- Ad Locum: Reinhardts Negative Politics of Place by Sarah K. Rich
- Ad Reinhardt and The Shape of Time by Jarrett Earnest
- Ad Reinhardt in Print by Elizabeth C. Baker
- Drafted: Ad Reinhardts Naval Drawings by Nika Elder
- Ad Reinhardt: Slides by Prudence Peiffer
- Once upon a time, Ad Reinhardt Made Some Paintings That Just Might Be Pictures by Terry R. Myers
- Understanding Reinhardts Newsprint Collage by Tessa Paneth-Pollak
- Ad Reinhardt and Pedagogy by Howard Singerman
- Critical Humor in Ad Reinhardts Races of Mankind Cartoons by Marianne Kinkel
- How to Look at Things Through a Wine-Glass by Ad Reinhardt
- Ad Reinhardts PM Work by Jason E. Hill
- Ad Reinhardt, Untitled, c. 1966 by Christine Mehring
- Making a Print with Ad Reinhardt by Rosa Esman
- Ad Reinhardts Prints by Jennifer Field
- Alexander Nagel
- Attention: Fragile by Hubert Damisch
- Existententialist Negation by Arthur Danto
Ad Around the World
- Impressed by Ad by Irving Blum
- Ad Reinhardt in Los Angeles by Matthew Simms
- Ecce Pure: Reinhardt and Irwin by Peter Frank
- Ad Reinhardt at Galerie Iris Clert, 1963 by Alex Bacon
- Range in Paris Galleries: Surrealist to All Black by John Ashbery
- Reading Ad Reinhardt by Alfred Pacquement
- Ad Reinhardt: Painting as Ultimatum by Thomas Kellein
- Ad Reinhardt by Holland Cotter
- Notes from Abroad: Ad Reinhardts World Survey by Allie Biswas
- 48 Hours in Cambodia by Rachel Stella
- Cycles through the Chinese Lanscape by Ad Reinhardt
- Learning about Asian Art from Ad Reinhardt by Michael Hatch
- Reading Ad Reinhardt in Poland by Edyta Frelik
- Reinhardt: On a Personal Note by Vesela Sretenovic
Ad and Spirituality
- Ad Reinhardt and the Via Negativa by John Yau
- Maybe Im Just Simple, Real, and Human After All by Alex Dimitrov
- Ad Reinhardt, Theology, and Apophatic Art by William Lyons
- An Editors View of Reinhardt and Merton: A Generation Behind; a Generation Ahead by Joseph Masheck
- The Sense of a Beginning by David Anfam
- The Sense of an Ending by Eleanor Heartney
- Ad Reinhardts Black Paintings, the Void, and Chinese Painting by Jack Flam
- WHAT IS THERE TO SEE? On a Painting by Ad Reinhardt by Yve-Alain Bois
- Time is (Not) Money by Amy Knight Powell
- Reinhardt and the Picture Plane by Jeremy Gilbert-Rolfe
- Remembering Reinhardt by Charles Carpenter
- The Radicality of Reinhardt by Jeffrey Weiss
- Catalyst by David Raskin
- Ad Reinhardt and the Whiteness of the Whale by Carter Ratcliff
- Ad Reinhardt: Unvirtual Images by Pepe Karmel
- Indivisibility Undone by Bradford K. Epley
- Ad Reinhardts Black Paintings: A Matter of Time by Arden Reed
- A Tale of Two (Black) Squares: Reinhardt, Stella, and Irwin by Rosalind Krauss
- Pictures of One Thing by Barry Schwabsky
- The Art of Seeing by Carol Stringari
- Reinhardts Black Paintings: A Psychoanalytic Critique by Donald Kuspit
- The Black Paintings by Barbara Rose
- Art of Life of Art by Ad Reinhardt
- Shape? Imagination? Light? Form? Object? Color? World? by Ad Reinhardt
- The Next Revolution in Art (Art-as-Art Dogma, Part II) by Ad Reinhardt