David Anfam is the author of Abstract Expressionism (Thames & Hudson, 1990; second edition 2015) and curated the survey of the same name at The Royal Academy of Arts, London (2016–2017).
For decades art historians have worried over whether Arshile Gorky was the last Surrealist or the first Abstract Expressionist. They need not have done. The artist was, of course, always his own man.
| Ad and Spirituality
In Reinhardt’s black paintings a slow process of realization follows a first, quick impression of blankness: form emerges out of vacancy, mysterious presence from manifest absence.