From The Editor
Gabriel Kolko died in Amsterdam on May 19, 2014, at 81. As long as I knew himand I met him around 1960, when I was a teenager and he was a graduate student in history at Harvardhe was motivated by three passions: a hatred of capitalism; a devotion to detailed empirical research; and the enjoyment of life with his wife, Joyce, and their many friends.
The paths to educational success and failure are set early in the lives of most children in the citys public schools, in their neighborhood elementary schools. Early differences matter a great deal.
Born to a rural area in one of the poorest counties on the West Coast, this sort of decay had a bitter kind of comfort to it.
Forty years ago, on April 25, 1974, a military coup organized by a group of young officers, the Armed Forces Movement (M.F.A.), brought down the Salazar dictatorship, which had been embroiled since 1961 in a colonial war on three African fronts: Mozambique, Angola, and Guinea-Bissau. This led to a year and a half of exciting social movements, which made a strong impact on political forces in Europe, from the ultra-left to the right.